Edward L. Rowny served as Special Advisor for Arms Control to Presidents Reagan and Bush.
In June 1990, Rowny retired from the government to become a consultant on international negotiations. He advises government officials and private organizations on political, military and business affairs in Russia, Ukraine, Poland, China, Japan and Korea. He currently serves on the board of the University of Virginia Health Systems.
Rowny served in the Army in Africa, Europe and Asia. During World War II he served in Liberia and fought in Italy. In the Korean conflict, he was a planner of the Inchon invasion and was official spokesman for General Douglas MacArthur. Rowny commanded the 38 th Infantry Regiment and fought in seven Korean campaigns. In 1963 he headed the Army Concept Team in Vietnam (ACTIV), testing new concepts for counterinsurgency operations, including introducing armed helicopters in Vietnam .
From 1965 to 1969, Rowny commanded the 24 th Infantry Division, planned and executed the withdrawal of U.S. troops and supplies from France (FRELOC) and served as Deputy Chief of Staff, U.S. European Command, Stuttgart , Germany. Rowny commanded I Corps in Korea in 1970-71. In 1971 he became Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee and initiated the Mutual and Balanced Force Reduction (MBFR) negotiations.
From 1973 to 1979 Rowny was the Joint Chiefs of Staff Representative to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II) in Geneva. He served longer than any other U.S. delegate—6 ½ years—and negotiated for more than 1,000 hours. General Rowny retired from the Army in 1979.
From 1981-84, Rowny served as chief negotiator Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) with the rank of ambassador. As head of START, he negotiated an additional 1,000 hours. From 1985-1990, he was Special Advisor for Arms Control to Presidents Reagan and Bush.
Edward L. Rowny was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and graduated from The Johns Hopkins University in 1937 and the U.S. Military Academy in 1941. In 1941, he earned two Masters Degrees from Yale University (Engineering and International Relations). He earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1977 from American University. In 1979-1980 he was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center.
President Reagan awarded Ambassador Rowny the Presidential Citizens Medal in 1989. The citation reads: “Edward L. Rowny has been one of the principal architects of America ’s policy of peace through strength. As an arms negotiator and as a presidential advisor, he has served mightily, courageously, and nobly in the cause of peace and freedom.”
In 1992, Rowny published It Takes One To Tango, an anecdotal account of his service to five Presidents: Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and Bush. In 1993 he was named a Distinguished Military Graduate of West Point.
Rowny's military decorations include two Distinguished Service Medals, two Legions of Merit, four Silver Stars and the Bronze Star Medal (combat).
In 1994 Rowny and Elizabeth S. Ladd were married.