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Religious traditions - impact on healthcare decision-making Resources

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Bioethics for clinicians: Islamic bioethics

Primary Author: Abdallah S. Daar, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

Article from the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), describing how "Islamic bioethics emphasizes prevention and teaches that the patient must be treated with respect and compassion and that the physical, mental and spiritual dimensions of the illness experience be taken into account." The article includes Practical measures for Muslim patients, and two case examples.

Date Last Modified 01/09/2001 Article, Case example/study

Bioethics for clinicians: Jewish bioethics

Primary Author: Gary Goldsand, University of Toronto

Article from the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ). The article covers different approaches to Jewish legal and ethical thinking, common ways in which Judaism might affect health care decisions, practical measures to consider when caring for Jewish patients, and provides an example case.

Date Last Modified 01/23/2001 Article, Case example/study

Bioethics for clinicians: Protestant bioethics

Primary Author: Merril Pauls, Department of Emergency Medicine, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre

Article from the CMAJ (the Canadian Medical Association) that provides an overview of common Protestant beliefs and highlights concepts that are particularly relevant to bioethics. Contains a few example cases.

Date Last Modified 02/05/2002 Article, Case example/study

Closure

Primary Author: Jonathan Weinkle, Jewish Healthcare Foundation

Closure is an initiative to change expectations for end-of-life. Our goal is to empower consumers and healthcare professionals with easy-to-access, simple-to-understand information and resources to make educated decisions about end-of-life care. The Closure website includes blogs, listings of resources, news items, and the Closure 101 curriculum.
Closure 101 is a curriculum of educational lessons dealing with an array of complex end-of-life issues including prognosis, advance planning, medical decision making, and hospice and palliative care. These difficult concepts are explained in a way that is designed to make sense to consumers. The curriculum contains 12 easy-to-follow lessons that can be viewed online or used by health educators to teach in-person. In addition to the lessons, the site contains questionnaires and information sheets that can help guide a person through the decision-making process. Guidelines for creating a Closure 101 program are available on the site.

Date Last Modified 04/04/2011 Website, Article, Continuing Education course, Course curriculum, Manual/guide

Coping with Religious Coping

Primary Author: Kyle B. Brothers, Vanderbilt Children's Hospital

This opinion piece was published in the October 2009 issue of Virtual Mentor, the American Medical Association's online ethics journal. In it Dr. Brothers discusses the The Coping with Cancer Study by Phelps et al., which found that "those patients who reported using positive religious coping methods on a survey instrument were significantly more likely than others to have undergone invasive life support at the end of their lives and to have died in intensive care units."

Dr. Brothers looks at some "limitations of survey-gathered empirical data in describing complex associations between beliefs and end-of-life medical behavior" and concludes that physicians should "develop comfort and confidence in discussing religious beliefs and experiences with patients, propose only reasonable interventions that are medically indicated," and be present even when procedures are not needed.

Date Last Modified 10/01/2009 Article
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